What is Novel coronavirus?

A novel coronavirus (CoV) is a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The 2019 Novel coronavirus strain (COVID-19) was first identified in a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China.

How is novel coronavirus transmitted?

The modes of transmission of the COVID-19 are currently unknown, however could be similar to other coronaviruses which are transmitted in general through:

  • Direct transmission through airborne droplets generated from a sick patient during coughing and sneezing
  • Indirect transmission through contact with contaminated surfaces and subsequent contact with an individual’s mouth, nose or eyes.
  • What are the signs and symptoms?

    It depends on the virus, but common signs include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

    How can I protect myself??

  • Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  • When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue – throw tissue away immediately and wash hands
  • Avoid touching your eyes, ears or mouth with your hand
  • Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough
  • The consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as per good food safety practices
  • If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your health care provider.
  • How does COVID-19 spread?

    People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.

    Source: www.moh.gov.kw

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